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Happy City, The

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Happy City, The

Published 1959

Sponsored by the Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions, Bill Deneen traveled three days by bullock cart to the remote Keng Tung Leprosy Colony (today called Naung Kan) run by Father Cesare Columbo in Kengtung (Kyiang Tong), Burma. Intended to be used for fundraising, the film is a fascinating documentary about a humanitarian effort that would soon be terminated by the Burmese government. Shortly after the film was made, Columbo was deported, never to return. He is still fondly remembered by the people running the colony, and a small office, with his picture and surgical instruments, still remains. The film discusses the work of Father Colombo as priest, doctor, bricklayer and guiding hand of Kengtung, and featured Bill Deneen himself greeted by a row of patients.

In mid-2003, AFA director Geoff Alexander went to Kengtung, Burma, to see what had become of the hospital and programs. Here is his report:

"Kengtung (Kyiang Tong) is best accessed by air, as much of the surrounding area is essentially a war-zone, populated by armies from Burma, separatist movements, and drug traders. The city itself has no electricity for much of the day and night, and a cold beer is not to be found here. I took a motorcycle taxi to the Catholic mission, and asked for the person in charge, who happened to be, at the moment, Vicar Mario Matu. He was aware of Father Colombo, and offered to take me to Columbo’s hospital, which still has patients, and where a nun who had worked with Columbo still lived. The hospital in the film sits just outside the village of Naung Kan, seven miles from Kengtung. Now referred to as Hansen’s Disease, leprosy is a condition that effectively eats away at skin and bone. The 395 patients are mostly older, with the youngest being 12, and the average age at 30.

"Many of the elderly patients, ravished by the disease, move as best they can by pulling themselves along the ground with what remains of their arms. Many are blind as well. Younger patients fare better, as the disease is easier to eradicate before it has progressed to an extensive state. The hospital is designed so family members of the patients live on the grounds as well, in separate quarters. After release, patients and their families typically move to Kengtung. In terms of economics, the drugs to support the hospital cost $1,250 per month, and the Burmese government contributes roughly $5 per month. Funding, which in a good month will support the hospital, is received from a Catholic group (PIME) which supports the hospital. The buildings built by Columbo still stand, although the upper story of the original hospital has been condemned. Columbo’s original operating room, seen in the film, sits undisturbed as a testimony to his memory."

For more about Kyaing Tong, Burma, visit

This film is a follow up to "Touch of His Hand", also available for viewing on the Internet Archive at

For more on filmmaker Deneen, visit

2015 update: An article of the Naung Kan colony appeared in the Southeast Asia Globe:

Run time 35:00
Producer William Deneen Productions
Production Company William Deneen Productions/PIME
Sponsor Bill Deneen
Audio/Visual sound, color


Reviewer: robert400 - favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite - July 1, 2013
Subject: Good video
This is a good video.
Reviewer: Rezgeco - favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite - July 17, 2009
Subject: Anthropology lesson
i think what another wonderful document on the study of this closed society. at least back then and today.
Reviewer: drez - favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite - March 23, 2009
Subject: Moving.
It is a blessing and a curse that men like Columbo live.
This is a very interesting look in to what life can be like. A certain time and place. Very well narrated.
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